In this article, we’re going to go over the highly esoteric technique of extracting CBD oil from a cultivated hemp flower. First, let’s get into what CBD oil is.
What Is CBD?
In simple terms, CBD is short for cannabidiol, which is one of about 113 cannabinoids found within hemp plant extracts. It is among the most abundant cannabinoids accounting for approximately 40 percent of any given extract from the well-known flower.
Not to be confused with the psychoactive THC compound, CBD does include similar, non-high properties such as soothing and anti-inflammation effects. It has grown into one of the latest emerging wellness trends and can be found as an active ingredient in CBD tinctures and CBD vape oils to dermal CBD hemp oils and even seltzer waters. It’s rich in omega-3s, fatty acids and essential vitamins and can be added as a beneficial part of any wellness enthusiast’s plan to better their general health and alleviate undesirable moods through the metabolic powers of CBD.
In America, while marijuana remains a federally listed Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, CBD is legal and enjoys a relatively lax listing including authorization under the FDA as a treatment for two types of childhood-onset epilepsy.
With CBD being a hot trend on the wellness market, sometimes it may seem like more of a hassle to find the best product for your specific needs in the quantity that you desire. So, we’ll teach you the cost-effective, super easy way to make your own at home with materials found in any kitchen. Keep reading to learn how to make your perfect batch of soothing, trance-inducing CBD oil.
There are a myriad of ways to extract CBD from hemp from alcohol extraction to CO2 extraction, but in this article we’re focusing on the most popular and readily assessible option: carrier oil solvent.
Carrier oils best known for their connection to aromatherapy with no scent most often used to dilute other essential oil. The most common of these oils, and the ones that would work best for this CBD extraction, are MCT oil or coconut oils.
When choosing to extract CBD, its important to select a hemp source that is particularly potent in cannabidiol, which will, in turn, yield both a greater quality of extraction of overall volume.
What you need
1 oz. of hemp flower: This needs to be finely ground using a grinder or even chopping and dicing with a recently sharpened knife to get the most even, tiny grounds. Small grounds are a key part to getting a high volume of CBD extraction.
16 oz. of carrier oil: We recommend a coconut or MCT oil, which ever one is most available. It’s complete up to what you want to use.
Crockpot: This will be used to cook the mixture of hemp flower and carrier oil on a low, slow uniform heat for several hours. This will allow you to do other things as you wait without having to worry about burning.
Drainer: These are used for straining and will be important when seeking to drain the finished oil.
Potato Ricer: Use this with the cheesecloth to better drain the oil from the hemp grounds left over from the strainer.
IMPORTANT NOTE: DO NOT use plastic when dealing with CBD extraction, this may cause the chemicals from the plastic, which can be harmful, to seep into the extraction. We recommend glass or stainless steel holding bowls or spoons as well as silicone spatulas.
So, how does it work? Simple, the carrier oil is used as a solvent, which means it is used to dissolve other substances in this case that substance would be the hemp flower grounds. Decarb your ground hemp, then place it and the carrier oil into the crockpot over the course of several hours and then the plant grounds are strained, and you have a perfect CBD extraction. For those who need more exhaustive instructions, read below:
Step 1: Decarboxylation
Either cultivate or buy hemp, no less than one ounce. For best results, make sure it’s quality, freshly grown. Place into your grinder or on a cutting surface and proceed to grind/dice until you have very fine grounds. Preheat your oven to 225 degrees. Assemble your grounds, close to one another, onto a baking or cookie sheet. For best results, let grounds heat in the oven for approximately 50-60 minutes. This heat will allow the non-active CBD found within the flowers of a hemp plant to change into what is known as its active form, which allows maximum conversion into what we typically associate as CBD benefits and CBD effects. Essentially, without this step you would just get carrier oil filled with non-active hemp grounds, which have no discernible effects outside of its active form.
Step 2: Heating w/ Carrier Oil
Now that your hemp flowers have properly gone through decarboxylation and your CBD is in its active form, it is time to pour about 16 oz. of your chosen carrier oil into a crockpot. Add your recently decarbed hemp grounds to the carrier oil. This is very important KEEP THE HEAT LOW. Slow and low wins the race in this case. You want to get the oil hot enough to extract the CBD without scorching and creating an undesired compound. At minimum, let it “cook” for no less than 3 hours. Make sure you check the oil every half hour and stir to make sure everything is well incorporated. However, this doesn’t require constant attention, so feel free to do other things while you wait for the CBD to dissolve.
Step 3: Strain Mixture
Using a cheesecloth, pour and now CBD-enriched oil and flower through the cheesecloth to strain the remnants of the hemp flower. Place the cheesecloth with the flower remnants into your potato ricer and squeeze to get any excess oil. Discard of the flower remnants in an outside trash can for the least intrusive disposability of a fragrant extract.
Step 4: Store
Store your newly created CBD oil into a glass jar or bottle. After bottling, let cool for no less than an hour before using the oil. For general storage, ensure that the extraction is kept in a cool, dry place outside of any direct or even indirect light sources such as light bulbs or sunlight. A medicine cabinet is a good storage option.
Now, you have a multipurpose bottle of CBD oil that you can use in all the ways you’re used to from tinctures and aromatherapy to mixing with salves or waters. This step-by-step guide should yield at least a month’s worth of CBD oil depending on your frequency of usage.
Of course, there are other places where you can find affordable CBD oils and other products infused with the hemp compound, but this guide is to illustrate the easy way consumers can create CBD extractions right in their kitchen with little preparation and low-risk. Follow this guide and you’ll have in nigh inexhaustible collection of CBD oils perfect for any occasion without having to stop by your nearest wellness store or wait for an online order to be delivered. Homemade CBD really changes the way you enjoy the extract and gives consumers a greater appreciation. Enjoy!