How is CBD Oil Made?

To truly understand the differences in the CBD oil products you see on the market and to help you determine which is the best choice for you, it is important to understand the various ways in which the product is made.

The first step is selecting the proper strain of cannabis. Most CBD oil developers today use the same strains over and over for consistency’s sake, and typically try to find ones that are naturally high in CBD to improve overall yield, quality and effectiveness.

After the completion of the cultivation process, the plant material is ready to be extracted. Of the many CBD oil products available on the market, some are “whole plant” extracts, while others are CBD isolates.

In a whole plant extract, the entire plant is used in the extraction process. This is especially popular in medical communities, as researchers believe it leads to a broader spectrum of cannabinoids being captured in the extraction process and used in the product. The wider the spectrum of cannabinoids, the more the product will benefit from the “entourage effect,” which helps to stimulate the endocannabinoid system.

CBD isolates rely only on the effectiveness of the CBD and the quality of the strains used to obtain it. That is why this is considered a purer form of CBD oil.

Varying methods of extraction

cbd oil how its made
Image via Mass Roots

There are several other methods of extraction that are used to create CBD oil. One is alcohol extraction, in which the plant material soaks in a solvent (like grain alcohol). After the material has thoroughly soaked, the liquid that’s left is full of CBD and various other cannabinoids. Evaporating the solvent leaves behind the CBD oil.

In CO2 extraction, the material is sent through a series of chambers with controls for pressure and temperature. Basically, the process forces carbon dioxide through the plant material, with the temperatures and pressures causing the solution to react and separate. Manufacturers are then able to extract only the cannabinoids desired for their particular recipe.

Once the extraction process in either method has been completed, manufacturers begin flavoring and diluting the product. The extracted oil doesn’t always taste great immediately after the process, so manufacturers use various tactics to improve flavor. In addition, consumers want to have different strengths of CBD oils available, so in some cases manufacturers need to dilute the oils to accommodate those desires.

For more information about the process of making CBD oil, contact us today.

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